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advantages and disadvantages of observation

It provides results that lend validity to a proposed theory. 10. Data consistency between individuals varies: the observations an experienced business owner makes can be very different than those made by a new employee. Naturalistic- Useful for obtaining research in situations where intervention would be unethical or where co-operation from participants would be unlikely. It can be challenging to duplicate the results of participant observation work. Prohibited Content 3. In other methods like interview, questionnaire etc., the researcher has to depend on information provided by the respondents. That means the findings produced from these efforts may not qualify for acceptance in some scientific and sociological circles. It does not provide a statistical representation of the gathered intervention. The representative sample being studied is relatively small. He came to know about their habits, likes, dislikes, problems, perception, different activities and so many other things. It does not require much technical knowledge. infants or animals. The lack of competence of the observer may hamper validity and reliability of observation. Researchers have more ways to produce real results. This is ethical but the results can be skewed. A failure to recognize circumstances where info might not be accurate or available (or the reverse) results in errors that could influence the outcome of this work. During other methods in job analysis, the observation method is immensely useful as it provides vital information about the job. Deceiving people to gain information about them is typically seen as being wrong, and there may be ethical choices about participating in an Immoral or illegal activity during the course of research. Content Filtrations 6. This advantage allows an entire organization or demographic to account for all processes, parts, and participants so that sampling groups can go through a comparison process. There are many advantages of a narrative, for example: It needs no preparation; It can be used to observe all areas of developments; It can be used to observe more than one are of development at once; However, there are also disadvantages such as: Finally, observational data is seldom, if ever, recorded. 2. Observation is one of the main bases of formulating hypothesis. It provides results that lend validity to a proposed theory. By taking a proactive approach to ideas or circumstances that could be problematic if left unchecked, researchers can ensure the survival of a project, idea, or commercial venture. Observation is probably the most common and the simplest method of data collection. Although a defined starting point is necessary for almost any information-gathering effort, this method can continue pressing forward until funding stops coming in for the work. So very often the data collected through observation is more reliable than these collected through interview or questionnaire. If one researcher feels like the pursuit of a data tangent is worthless while another feels like it is a critical ingredient to a successful outcome, then the information that each person gathers will have a slightly different purpose to it. This disadvantage is another reason why bias can creep into the collected data. Let us take as an example that the first observer ignored certain relevant data. Observation is a common method used in all sciences, whether physical or social. Disclaimer 9. Participant observation is useful for studying groups like gangs, issues like juvenile delinquency, and cult-based religious indoctrination. It provides factual data instead of forcing people to make assumptions about the behaviors or decisions that people make. Photographs or film clips are sometimes used with a narrative observation. In the natural setting, too many extraneous factors influence the phenomenon. 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of Online Classes, 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of a Peer-to-Peer Network, 18 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of the Payback Period, 20 Advantages and Disadvantages of Leasing a Car, 19 Advantages and Disadvantages of Debt Financing, 24 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of a C Corporation, 16 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Mediation, 18 Advantages and Disadvantages of a Gated Community, 17 Big Advantages and Disadvantages of Focus Groups, 17 Key Advantages and Disadvantages of Corporate Bonds, 19 Major Advantages and Disadvantages of Annuities, 17 Biggest Advantages and Disadvantages of Advertising. This is done to help monitor change, progress, or regression. One of the disadvantages of observational research is known as "The Hawthorne Effect". The advantages of CPO are as follows: -less chance of hawthorne effect (this is where the participant acts in a certain way to give the researcher the results they think the research wants) That’s why qualitative research is often seen as being a weaker process to follow unless one can verify the skills of the people who gather the data. It is a method that also requires researchers to be objective and record everything that happens around them without letting their emotions or feelings influence their findings. Although it is challenging to generalize the information gathered by participant observation, the data that researchers collect does have a protective quality to it. Observation is a highly technical job. Controlled- Extraneous variables can be controlled easily therefore validity is higher than naturalistic observations. Classroom observation is a method of evaluating and recording specific information about what is going on within a classroom. Privacy Policy 8. Advantages. This disadvantage of participant observation is specific to the covert methods that are sometimes used to gather data. The data collected through participant observation is somewhat subjective. For example, focu… In the case of animals observation is the only way out. The Hawthorne Effect is when the presence of an observer changes the behavior of those being observed. That means the information that gets collected through the participant observation process is not authentic, even if it appears to be. This is especially the case when research participants have a conscious or unconscious bias towards presenting their “best self” to a researcher. In most of the cases people do not allow the outsider to study their activities. That means a similar population group will have an experience that is somewhat the same if an equal set of variables impacts them. The first use of this method dates to the early 19th century when Joseph Marie stated that the “best way to get to know Indians (Native Americans) is to become like one of them, and it is by learning their language that we will become their fellow citizens.” Frank Cushing, Bronislaw Malinowski, and Margaret Meed were all extensive users of this collection option. However, you will typically need to conduct overt observations because of ethical problems related to concealing your observation.

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