Initially, what we may think of as a sword was simply an elongated dagger. As relatively little power was exerted the affixing of the blade to the handle was not very critical. Some typical examples of this axe are shown at right and below. The key problem was ﬁtting the head to the handle in such a way that it would not ﬂy off when swung, or break off when struck. The cutting axe is effective against enemies who do not wear body armor and helmets, as was the custom in Africa, Egypt included. Scabbards were known, though seemingly rarely used. The most specialized form of these early daggers was the khepesh, modeled on an Asiatic form that first appeared in the Second Intermediate Period, though it did not see widespread use in Egypt until the late New Kingdom. But the most interesting and indeed the most beautiful group of axes from the other lands of the Bible in this period are of the socket type. There are, however, some Egyptian examples of the tang axe being given an eye form. We offer this unique experience in two ways, the first one is by organizing a tour and coming to Egypt for a visit, whether alone or in a group, and living it firsthand. Also used to rush an opponent (known as shield bashing). the spear may be used either as a pole weapon or as a projectile), and the earliest gunpowder weapons which fit within the period are also included. It is the ceremonial axe of Queen Ahhotep, mother of two pharaohs, who received it as a present from her second son, Ahmose, the founder of the XVIIIth Dynasty, who completed the Hyksos expulsion started by his brother Kamose. They moreover favored a straight, two-edged blade with a sharp point, which replaced the curved Egyptian swords. No helmets or coats of mail, against which a piercing weapon would have been needed, have been found from that period. 1975-1640 BC Battle Axe (piecing axe) Battle Axe The piecing axe has a … the Egyptians continued to stick exclusively to the tang-type axe. The second way to experience Egypt is from the comfort of your own home: online. Copper axehead circa 3100BC found as part of a cache of about 450 objects. The appearance of this type of piercing axe among the Sumerians is no accident, for it is at this time and in this land that we ﬁnd the first evidence of a high standard metal helmet (see Helmets). . Overall, we can distinguish between about five different subtypes of battle axes. To prevent the weapon from leaving the soldier’s hand when swung. Openwork ceremonial axe head dating to the New Kingdom (Belonging to Ahmose I). This tool considered as the oldest farming tools which have … The inscription in Linear B, on tablet ΚΝ Gg 702, reads da-pu 2-ri-to-jo-po-ti-ni-ja. Axes showed the twin influence of tradition and necessity: This led to the invention of a completely new type of axe: a piercing weapon with a socket. The new axe is called the eye axe (see below) because of the prominence of its two holes, which look like hollow eyes. Its socket was rather like a smoking pipe set at an acute angle, so that the handle, which ﬁtted into it, sloped forward. Have a look at the flat, multi-tanged cutting axe that had been developed in the second half of the previous millennium (a tang is a metal projection on the blade of the axe, by which the blade is held firmly in the handle). The axe was more effective in cutting wounded or fleeing enemies to pieces than it was in breaching an intact battle line. This is seen in the famous Beni-hasan wall painting of the caravan of Semites going down to Egypt, like the Israelites. This development was certainly prompted by advances in the development of armor. So if you were facing someone with an axe, you had to be quick-witted, skilled – and preferably armed with an axe yourself. In reality, the cutting blade was used throughout Egyptian Dynastic history, while the piercing blade did not appear until the Middle Kingdom. Single-handed weapons not … These are really a carry over of the spaces between the two inner curves of the epsilon tang – but they are now bounded at the rear by the socket. The cutting axe was effective against an enemy who fought without armor. Moreover, it was fairly easy to attach the handle to the blade by means of a tang or by cords run through holes in the rear of the blade. Syrian socketed axeheads, end of third millennium. Those used mainly for stabbing were straight ending in a sharp point and light-weight with the center of gravity as close to the handle as possible.