In 1999, BNP and rival Société Générale attempted to take over another private bank, Paribas. Deficit reduction became a top priority of the government when France committed to the European Monetary Union (EMU). !! A 1.5% surcharge for 2005 was abolished for fiscal years ending on or after 1 January 2006. As of 1 January 2005, France had 36,779 communes (214 of them overseas). The capital city, Paris, had a population of 9,794,000 in that year. The remaining seats were won by the RI (55) and by centrists, reformists, and unaffiliated candidates (77). The High Court of Justice (Haute Cour de Justice ), consisting of judges and members of parliament, is convened to pass judgment on the president and cabinet members if a formal accusation of treason or criminal behavior has been voted by an absolute majority of both the National Assembly and the Senate. Georges Bizet (1838–75) is renowned for his opera Carmen, and Jacques Lévy Offenbach (1819–80) for his immensely popular operettas. According to Migration News, France deported 11,000 illegals in 2003, 16,000 in 2004, and an expected 23,000 in 2005. On Christmas Day in the year 800, he was crowned emperor of the West and ruler of the 1st Holy Roman Empire by the pope in Rome. Men continue to earn more than women and unemployment rates are higher for women than for men. Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d’Etoiles, marquise de Pompadour (1721–64), is best known among the women who influenced royal decisions during the reign of Louis XV (1710–74). Economic growth rose throughout 1994 due to exports to English-speaking countries and a strong economy in Europe. The function of the civil courts is to judge conflicts arising between persons; the function of the criminal courts is to judge minor infractions (contraventions ) and graver offenses (délits ) against the law. The poetic prophecies of the astrologer Nostradamus (Michel de Notredame, 1503–66) are still widely read today. After the successful devaluation of 1958 and an improvement in the overall financial and political situation, growth rates of 6.3% and 5% were achieved in 1960 and 1961, respectively. was first in the line of great French poets. Instead, the Gaullists suffered a stunning defeat by the Socialists and Communists, leading to the appointment of Jospin as prime minister. At first, their feudal overlordship over the other provinces of France was almost entirely nominal. By terms of the Treaty of Brétigny (1360), the kingdom of France was dismembered, the southwest being formally ceded to the king of England. Reference: Anonymous, Last Update: 2015-01-29 The libraries of the 13-unit University of Paris system have collective holdings of more than six million volumes, and each major institution of higher learning has an important library of its own. Through most of the 1960s and early 1970s, the French economy expanded steadily, with GDP more than doubling between 1959 and 1967. The RPR and UDF won 247 and 213 seats, respectively, while the Socialists were reduced to 67 seats. As with most industrialized democratic systems, France’s tax system is complex and nuanced, though also subject to recent movements to reductions and simplifications. Situated in Western Europe, France is the second-largest country on the continent, with an area (including the island of Corsica) of 547,030 sq km (211,209 sq mi). Among leading banks nationalized in 1982 was the Crédit Commercial de France, but this bank and Société Générale were privatized in 1987 by the Chirac government. There were also 2,050 naval marines, including 500 commandos. Meanwhile, as the Reformation gained an increasing following in France, a bitter enmity developed between the great families that had espoused the Protestant or Huguenot cause and those that had remained Catholic. There is also a patrimonial tax of 3% on the fair market value of property owned in France, although foreign companies whose French financial assets are more than 50% are exempt. The Union for the Defense of the Republic (Union pour la Défense de la République—UDR) emerged as the new official Gaullist organization. In elections for the National Assembly held in June 2002, the center-right coalition Union for the Presidential Majority (consisting of Chirac’s Rally for the Republic and the Liberal Democracy party and created on the wake of the first round on the ashes of the short-lived Union en Mouvement ) won a landslide victory, taking 33.7% of the vote and 357 of 577 seats in parliament.
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