The incident resulted in a similar effect in America when news of the Boston Tea Party reached London in January and Parliament responded with a series of acts known collectively in the colonies as the Intolerable Acts.  When Gandhi met with the British viceroy in 1930 after the Indian salt protest campaign, Gandhi took some duty-free salt from his shawl and said, with a smile, that the salt was "to remind us of the famous Boston Tea Party. Our American-Made teas were inspired by the historic Boston Tea Party and grew out of a mission to restore pride in a long-lost tradition, Originating in the lush plantations of Sri Lanka and the mountainous regions of India and China, our teas are hand-picked at the peak of perfection, Our unique blend of the fine teas, rare herbs, and exotic spices give you the energy other teas don't and without jittery side-effects of coffee.  Parliament laid additional taxes on tea sold for consumption in Britain.  Legitimate tea importers who had not been named as consignees by the East India Company were also threatened with financial ruin by the Tea Act. III c. 60 sec.  This partial repeal of the taxes was enough to bring an end to the non-importation movement by October 1770.  Subsequently, these fund-raising "Tea parties" grew into the Tea Party movement, which dominated conservative American politics for the next two years, reaching its peak with a voter victory for the Republicans in 2010 who were widely elected to seats in the United States House of Representatives. Benjamin Rush urged his fellow countrymen to oppose the landing of the tea, because the cargo contained "the seeds of slavery".  There were mass protest meetings in Philadelphia.  The British government felt this action could not remain unpunished, and responded by closing the port of Boston and putting in place other laws known as the "Intolerable Acts." The measures became the justification for convening the First Continental Congress later in 1774. These high taxes, combined with the fact that tea imported into the Dutch Republic was not taxed by the Dutch government, meant that Britons and British Americans could buy smuggled Dutch tea at much cheaper prices.  Before that time, the event was usually referred to as the "destruction of the tea". ", Even with the Townshend duty in effect, the Tea Act would allow the East India Company to sell tea more cheaply than before, undercutting the prices offered by smugglers, but also undercutting colonial tea importers, who paid the tax and received no refund. , That evening, a group of 30 to 130 men, some dressed in the Mohawk warrior disguises, boarded the three vessels and, over the course of three hours, dumped all 342 chests of tea into the water. Experience the Boston Tea Party while you can.  This was especially true in Massachusetts, the only colony where the Townshend program had been fully implemented. The Boston Tea Party was a political and mercantile protest by the Sons of Liberty in Boston, Massachusetts, on December 16, 1773. In some cases, this involved donning what may have been elaborately prepared Mohawk costumes.  For these and other reasons, by late 1772 the East India Company, one of Britain's most important commercial institutions, was in a serious financial crisis. They drank beverages made from smuggled Dutch tea and even some made from taxed British tea. The passage of the Tea Act (1773) by the British Parliament gave the East India Company exclusive rights to transport tea to the colonies and empowered it to undercut all of its competitors. These were intended to punish Boston for the destruction of private property, restore British authority in Massachusetts, and otherwise reform colonial government in America. This Morning a Man of War sails. The tea sent to the colonies was to be carried only in East India Company ships and sold only through its own agents, bypassing the independent colonial shippers and merchants. The Boston Tea Company began during the historic Boston Tea Party and was founded in 1949. Voted in the top 25 places for brunch by The Times. , Another possible solution for reducing the growing mound of tea in the East India Company warehouses was to sell it cheaply in Europe. Writing out of Philadelphia, "Scaevola" rebukes the tea agents, calling them political bombadiers.Refusing a summons to resign their commissions, Boston's tea agents counter that they are the true sons of liberty. Protesters had successfully prevented the unloading of tea in three other colonies, but in Boston, embattled Royal Governor Thomas Hutchinson refused to allow the tea to be returned to Britain.. This would allow the company to reduce costs by eliminating the middlemen who bought the tea at wholesale auctions in London. In Great Britain, this meant that taxes could only be levied by Parliament. In the fall of 1773, as newspapers publish the particulars of the East India Company plan, colonists learn that the tea is coming.Protests soon circulate. The merchants of Boston circumvented the act by continuing to receive tea smuggled in by Dutch traders. In the Boston Tea Party, 35 chests of Souchong tea were destroyed. , Governor Hutchinson refused to grant permission for Dartmouth to leave without paying the duty. The Townshend Acts passed by Parliament in 1767 and imposing duties on various products imported into the British colonies had raised such a storm of colonial protest and noncompliance that they were repealed in 1770, saving the duty on tea, which was retained by Parliament to demonstrate its presumed right to raise such colonial revenue without colonial approval. The Indemnity Act of 1767, which gave the East India Company a refund of the duty on tea that was re-exported to the colonies, expired in 1772.  The target was the Tea Act of May 10, 1773, which allowed the British East India Company to sell tea from China in American colonies without paying taxes apart from those imposed by the Townshend Acts. This Destruction of the Tea is so bold, so daring, so firm, intrepid and inflexible, and it must have so important Consequences, and so lasting, that I cant but consider it as an Epocha in History.. This began to change in the 1830s, however, especially with the publication of biographies of George Robert Twelves Hewes, one of the few still-living participants of the "tea party", as it then became known. The Boston Tea Party arose from two issues confronting the British Empire in 1765: the financial problems of the British East India Company; and an ongoing dispute about the extent of Parliament's authority, if any, over the British American colonies without seating any elected representation. Dutied British tea continued to be imported into Boston, however, especially by Richard Clarke and the sons of Massachusetts Governor Thomas Hutchinson, until pressure from Massachusetts Whigs compelled them to abide by the non-importation agreement. , Whether or not Samuel Adams helped plan the Boston Tea Party is disputed, but he immediately worked to publicize and defend it. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article.  The Tea Act in 1773 authorized the shipment of 5,000 chests of tea (250 tons) to the American colonies.  Smuggling continued apace, especially in New York and Philadelphia, where tea smuggling had always been more extensive than in Boston. , When the tea ship Dartmouth,[a] arrived in the Boston Harbor in late November, Whig leader Samuel Adams called for a mass meeting to be held at Faneuil Hall on November 29, 1773. ", This article is part of a series about the, This page was last edited on 19 November 2020, at 15:43. Colonists, however, did not elect members of Parliament, and so American Whigs argued that the colonies could not be taxed by that body. On the night of December 16, 1773, a group of about 60 men, encouraged by a large crowd of Bostonians, donned blankets and Indian headdresses, marched to Griffin’s wharf, boarded the ships, and dumped the tea chests, valued at £18,000, into the water.
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