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consequentialism vs deontology

This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Consequentialism, deontology, and virtue ethics are moral theories that evaluate morality on the basis of different factors. They clash because each offers a different approach to determining “right” from “wrong.” “Ethics – Introduction to Ethics: Duty-Based Ethics.” BBC, Available here.2. She is currently reading for a Masters degree in English. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. Get a brand new article like this in your inbox every Friday. According to this theory, people have to do the right action, even if it brings bad results. Here, you are demonstrating a deontological position as you are disregarding the possible consequences of your actions when determining what is right and what is wrong. What is Deontology      – Definition, Characteristics, Focus2. Keywords: We sometimes describe this theory as duty-, rule-, or obligation-based. “Deontology.” Ethics Unwrapped, Available here. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Deontologists state that the right action performed or the state of affairs that led to the right action are good, while the fact that the action was done in accordance with the set rules is right. Of these, consequentialism determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining its consequences. In utilitarianism, consequences of an action are determined by a ‘greatest good for the greatest number’. As the word suggests, it concentrates on the consequences, irrespective of the intention. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter. The theory takes root from utilitarianism, and stresses on the fact that the morality of an action depends on its consequences. While going through a trying situation, an individual tends to do what is right at that time, for it does not make sense to think about the likes of deontology or consequentialism. According to the definition of deontology in ethics, it focuses more on obligation, duty, or ideal expectations. What is Consequentialism    – Definition, Characteristics, Focus3. The central question is, ‘What kind of a person should I be?’ Thus, virtue ethics do not concentrate on the correctness of the act, but the moral conduct of the agent who is performing the act. Deontology is duty-, rule-, or obligation-based, whereas consequentialism, as its name suggests, is consequence-based. However, consequentialism focuses on judging the moral worth of the results of the actions and deontological ethics focuses on judging the actions themselves. Like its previously-mentioned counterpart, it focuses on conduct, but there is a minor difference between deontology and consequentialism in this case. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! It focuses on identifying the moral conduct through which the right actions can be carried out and happiness can be maximized. 1. Consequentialism and deontology are two such theories that are classified under ethics of conduct, i.e., our behavior and the way we conduct ourselves. 1. Consequentialism is morality based on consequences. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting, normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. Subtle DistinctionAccording to American philosopher John Rawls, under deontology, an action is right if it is good and vice versa. Immanuel Kant, a famous deontologist, is considered to have formulated modern deontological ethics, which stresses on the fact that the morality of a person is dependent on how well he fulfills his duties and obligations. Deontology is associated with philosopher Immanuel Kant, who believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws. The focus is on getting what is good, and getting what you want. As mentioned earlier, this theory solely focuses on ideals. These opinions can differ from person to person. It is his duty to provide a better shelter for his family, and it is also his duty to save his son’s life. Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. . There have been many criticisms of virtue ethics due to the absence of a rational experience. What it considers is the ideals and values you have followed that have resulted in the best possible action. You could not be signed in, please check and try again. Consequentialism and Deontological theories are two of the main theories in ethics. From a neutral perspective, however, it would be better to tell him the truth, despite the fact that it might be considered cruel for many, because he would at least get a chance to say goodbye, to do the things he hadn’t done so far. It is different from both the above concepts as it concentrates completely on virtues and ideals. consequentialism, utilitarianism, deontology, benevolence, non-maleficence, promises, punishment, Henry Sidgwick, H.A. FAQs date: 26 November 2020. Hasa has a BA degree in English, French and Translation studies. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. To follow the set rules and regulations can be one of the weaknesses and strengths of deontology. The central question in both these cases is, ‘What you ought to do?’ That is to say, the question focuses what you should do, rather than what you want to do, or whether you should do what you feel like. If she tells him, he might be brave enough to face it and spend his last days with his family, which is a good consequence. Consequentialism focuses on the consequences or results of an action. It does not hold true if the two requirements are in conflict. The chapter then examines the defences of deontology by Prichard and Ross, with their appeals both to intuitions about particular cases, for example about promise-keeping and punishment, and to ones about explanation. It does not consider following the set laws when performing an action, nor does it consider the action results. Furthermore, consequentialism is often contrasted with deontology as well as virtue ethics. Please, subscribe or login to access full text content. Virtue ethics, on the other hand, is considered more of a normative ethical theory. Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2014, DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199233625.001.0001, PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE ( It explores what Ross did and did not mean by saying consequentialism ‘ignores the highly personal character of duty’. The practical focus is to determine what is rational―as per the rules and as per the correct action. There are different forms of consequentialism; utilitarianism and hedonism are two such main forms. Virtue ethics state that the man must be ideal and righteous and moral, and have the criminal punished despite the fact that he is his son. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. It focuses on identifying the moral conduct through which the right actions can be performed but based on what is laid down as a duty. Thus, according to consequentialism, a morally right act is an act that will produce good results. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. In this way, consequentialism ethics provide criteria for the moral evaluation of actions, while also recommending rules or decision-making criteria for future actions. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Meanwhile, deontology determines the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining action themselves, without focusing on their consequences. Deontology is a sub-category of consequentialism that focuses on punishment for breaking rules, or harm to society based on breaking rules. This Buzzle post explains the consequentialism vs. deontology vs. virtue ethics comparison. Deontology and consequentialism are two contrasting normative ethical theories that determine the morality of an action. The main difference between deontology and consequentialism is that deontology focuses on the rightness or wrongness of actions themselves. These cookies do not store any personal information. Consequentialism is a type of normative ethical theory which states that the moral quality of an action is completely determined by its consequences, and nothing else. In this scenario, he failed in his duty as a father, and the consequences of his act would affect his entire family. Those who revere virtue ethics state that whatever results in the betterment of humanity is good; the fact that the virtuous person followed his ideals to achieve the same is right.

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