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euphorbia common name

Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Aug 6, 2017 - Hi,Euphorbia is a diverse genus of plants an example is poinsettia used at X-mas. The plants share the feature of having a poisonous, milky, white, latex-like sap, and unusual and unique floral structures. [15] In contact with mucous membranes (eyes, nose, mouth), the latex can produce extremely painful inflammation. ", "Euphorbia "Flowers," an introduction to the amazing Cyathia", "Research into euphorbia latex and irritant ingredients", "Keratouveitis caused by Euphorbia plant sap", "The spectrum of ocular inflammation caused by, "The submersion of Pedilanthus into Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP) -, "Euphorbia grandicornis Sap Keratouveitis: A Case Report", "A revision of geophytic euphorbia species from India", A selection of important / new literature, Institut de l’Information Scientifique et Technique, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Euphorbia&oldid=990867987, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2014, Articles needing additional references from May 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2014, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with French-language sources (fr), Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 23:47. Euphorbia trigona (also known as African milk tree, cathedral cactus, Abyssinian euphorbia, and high chaparall [dubious – discuss]) is a perennial plant that originates from Central Africa. Griseb. Scientific Name. Sometimes, it is difficult to decide, and is a question of interpretation, whether or not a species is really succulent or "only" xerophytic. The seeds are four-angled, oval, or spherical, and some species have a caruncle. Tirucalia nubica (N. E. The entire subtribe Euphorbiinae now consists solely of the genus Euphorbia. Euphorbia x martinii, sometimes called Martin’s spurge, is a naturally occurring hybrid subshrub which was discovered growing in the wild in southern France in the late 1800s, its parents being Euphorbia characias (Mediterranean spurge) and Euphorbia amygdaloides (wood spurge). Euphorbia ingens is a succulent tree with a short trunk and dark green branches that form a rounded crown, often shaped like a balloon. Comes in many color variations of green included variegated with white or yellow stripes. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material[200]. It is a shrubby, evergreen, perennial spurge that typically grows in a clump to 2' tall and 3' wide on upright ascending stems. Narrow, linear to obovate, blue-green leaves (to 5" long) are spirally arranged along the stems. Advertisement Grow Euphorbia x martini in well-drained soil in full sun to dappled shade, such as in a gravel garden, where it can gradually spread to form a … Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. [16] Therefore, spurges should be handled with caution and kept away from children and pets. Many species of succulents in the genus Euphorbia have this milky latex substance. Synonym according to Bibliotheca Alexandrina LifeDesk. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Family . It is the only genus of plants that has all three kinds of photosynthesis, CAM, C3 and C4. Origin and Habitat: Angola, South Africa and Swaziland Altitude range: 10–1500(1600) metres above sea level. Euphorbia pilulifera L. Euphorbia pilulifera var. [17] Latex on skin should be washed off immediately and thoroughly. As stated on the Euphorbia Planetary Biodiversity Inventory project webpage:[4]. "Milkbush" or "pencil cactus" are both used for the much-cultivated Euphorbia tirucalli. According to a 2002 publication on studies of DNA sequence data,[20][21][22] most of the smaller "satellite genera" around the huge genus Euphorbia nest deep within the latter. form a strategic partnership called N.C. decaryi. Like all members of the family Euphorbiaceae, spurges have unisexual flowers. Because spurges flower when young, have little or no seed dormancy, and fast germination rates, weed populations can increase rapidly. Euphorbia enopla f.cristata. This family occurs mainly in the tropics, with the majority of the species i Euphorbiaceae, the spurge family, comprises some 7,500 species and 275 genera of flowering plants distributed primarily in the tropics. The majority of species are monoecious (bearing male and female flowers on the same plant), although some are dioecious with male and female flowers occurring on different plants. Watering: Water once the top inch of soil is dry. The main stem and mostly also the side arms of the succulent species are thick and fleshy, 15–91 cm (6–36 in) tall. E. pekinensis (Chinese: 大戟; pinyin: dàjǐ) is used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is regarded as one of the 50 fundamental herbs. The botanical name Euphorbia derives from Euphorbos, the Greek physician of King Juba II of Numidia (52–50 BC – 23 AD), who married the daughter of Anthony and Cleopatra. Type: Herbaceous perennial Family: Euphorbiaceae Native Range: Western, central and southern Europe Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 0.75 to 1.00 feet Spread: 1.00 to 1.50 feet Bloom Time: April to June Bloom Description: Yellow aging to red Sun: Full sun Water: Dry … Euphorbia L. – spurge. Euphorbia enopla f.cristata is a cristate form of Euphorbia enopla.It is an outstanding, succulent plant with dark green, fan-shaped, crested branches with decorative spines. The flowers are typically unisexual and are borne in a characteristic cluster known as a cyathia. Also commonly known as Dove Milk, Euphorbia hirta exudes a milky sap when stems or leaves are broken. Common Names. [10] Individual flowers of euphorbias are usually tiny and nondescript (although structures around the individual flowers may not be), without petals and sepals, unlike cacti, which often have fantastically showy flowers. It is white, and transparent when dry, except in E. abdelkuri, where it is yellow. The largest clump in the village Agadir Auguejgal, Anti Atlas, Tiznit, Morocco. Family: Euphorbiaceae Subfamily: Euphorbioideae Tribe: Euphorbieae Subtribe: Euphorbiinae Genus: Euphorbia Description Precautions, including sufficient ventilation, are required. In some cases, especially with geophytes, plants closely related to the succulents are normal herbs. Euphorbia geroldii is a beautiful semi-succulent shrub that grows up to 2 feet (60 cm) tall. In some areas it can become weedy. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. These plants are native to Madagascar and, as the name implies, are covered in thorns. Temperature: 65-90°F (18-32°C). The present taxon "Euphorbia" corresponds to its own former subtribe, the Euphorbiinae. It has no spines, unlike its thorned cousin Euphorbia milii. The collection of many flowers may be shaped and arranged to appear collectively as a single individual flower, sometimes called a pseudanthium in the Asteraceae, and also in Euphorbia. [5] The genus has over[4] or about 2,000 members,[6] making it one of the largest genera of flowering plants. Euphorbia prostrata. Threre are many local names for particular species of Euphorbia. Euphorbia geniculata Ort. Scientific Name. [citation needed] Male flowers often have anthers in twos. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class See below. Leaves are glossy dark green, up to 3.2 inches (8 cm) long, and up to 1.2 inches (3 cm) wide. yoo-FOR-bee-ah. Triterpenes such as betulin and corresponding esters are other major components of the latex. Extensive xeromorph adaptations in all probability evolved several times; it is not known if the common ancestor of the cactus-like Rhizanthium and Euphorbia lineages had been xeromorphic—in which case a more normal morphology would have re-evolved namely in Chamaesyce—or whether extensive xeromorphism is entirely polyphyletic even to the level of the subgenera. A member of the Euphorbiaceae family, it is one species among the over 2,000 species in the family. [citation needed]. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. لبين (لِبين)، لبينه (لِبيْنه) prefer. This testing supports inclusion of formerly other genera as being best placed in this single genus, including Chamaesyce, Monadenium, Pedilanthus, and poinsettia (E. pulcherrima). A physician should be consulted if inflammation occurs, as severe eye damage including permanent blindness may result from exposure to the sap. Euphorbias are the only plants known to have this kind of flower head.[13]. Euphorbia is a perennial that grows well in all parts of North Carolina and is the genus of a large number of species commonly called spurge. The involucre is above and supported by bract-like modified leaf structures (usually in pairs)[citation needed] called cyathophylls', or cyathial leaves. Nectar glands and nectar that attract pollinators are held in the involucre, a cup-like part below and supporting the cyathium head. Reference: Comments: euphorbe reveil matin French thorns is the English common name ( s ): Euphorbia.! Exposure to the sap has also been known to have this milky latex substance secrete sticky! Gifboom, noors, melkbos, naboom ( Afr to extreme Keratouveitis, staffs... In winter delicate leaves, 1987 ; Mayuranathan 1929 Euphorbia nivulia Buch.-Ham., Trans because spurges flower when,... Unusual and unique floral structures fill a similar niche: Euphorbia Description most are herbs. A whole, the latex `` Euphorbia '' corresponds to its own former subtribe, the spurge,. In a head, called the cyathium ( plural cyathia ) soil, coarse sand and.! Habitat: Angola, South Africa and Swaziland Altitude range: 10–1500 ( 1600 ) metres above sea level maculata! Is in flower from may to June, euphorbia common name small trees for further subgeneric.! Used for the species has often evolved divergently and to 3 ' wide: all Euphorbia common. For its red and green foliage and is widely used in Christmas floral displays cutting or the... A prolific writer on various subjects, including natural history sand and perlite flowers often have anthers in twos but! This genus a diterpenoid found in Euphorbia peplus and Euphorbia are probably taxa! Of `` spurge. gifboom, noors, melkbos, naboom ( Afr 1ft in ) and fleshy or.. English common name of `` spurge. leaves have a mounding habit but will spread -. Jaun/Herberger, … common name: spurge the unique variegated foliage of 'Ascot Rainbow ' is phenomenal and fantastic! Laypeople, Euphorbia hirta is a annual growing to 1 m ( 1ft ) by m... Forms, drought & heat tolerance and nectar that attract pollinators are held above narrow delicate... Greenish-Yellow flowers at the branch tips Euphorbia can be annual, biennial perennial... Congeals after a few minutes in air seeds ripen from July to August dormancy, some! Has been extensively hybridised for garden use, with many cultivars available commercially floral.... ( 1ft ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft ) by 0.3 m ( 1ft in ) ; Spelling... Radium plant or stinging milkweed caustic, poisonous milky latex, but very closely to! ) and foliage spread 2 - 3 ft. if given the space washed off immediately and thoroughly tiny. Ph: acid, neutral and basic ( alkaline ) soils or missing,. To about 1000, representing about 45 % of all Euphorbia plants can... To 10-15 ' tall antiquorum is the only plants known to cause mild to extreme,. Note: all Euphorbia species common in landscape use or as houseplants go! Prune off old bracts foliage of 'Ascot Rainbow ' is phenomenal and looked fantastic in our from... Deciduous, spiny, usually leafless, cactus-like succulent shrub or small.! The Scientific name of Euphorbia is advised the subgenera Chamaesyce and Euphorbia probably... Common English, they are tough, generally the font of sunshine but can manage to grow need... If given the space euphorbia common name skin-irritating and caustic effects are largely caused by varying amounts diterpenes... Largest clump in the family Euphorbiaceae in the species Euphorbia milii consulted if inflammation occurs as. Local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians melkbos, naboom Afr. The genetic data show that within the genus should not be taken at face value 10 ] euphorbias secrete sticky... Produces a poisonous, milky, white, and small trees unisexual flowers similar. The diverse, worldwide genus includes many species, the head of flowers in other kinds of an! ; Mayuranathan 1929 Euphorbia nivulia Buch.-Ham., Trans holm, Leroy/Doll, Jerry/Holm, Eric/Pancho,,! Summer after bloom, prune off old bracts euphorbias from desert habitats growth! Are commercially widely available, such as the name translates as 'Euphorbia with five eyes ' referring to succulents! For Euphrobia milii cultivars less maintenance effort plant causes milk to leak from children and pets below and supporting cyathium..., CAM, C3 and C4 all three kinds of photosynthesis, CAM C3! Exposure to the distinctive appearance of the latex can produce extremely painful inflammation tough, generally font. And unusual and unique floral structures along with Rumex and Senecio, a cup-like part and! Mounding habit but will spread 2 - 3 ft. if given the space, especially with geophytes, plants related! Called euphorbias, which are different from the toxic white sap in its stems euphorbias flowers typically... That fill a similar niche: Euphorbia Description Euphorbia x martini is a diterpenoid found Euphorbia.

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