Within each of these theories this essay will also highlight three main perspectives; social class, gender and ethnicity. This essay included a brief look at the history of education and how it has developed into the system we now have today. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. However some children / young adults may cross the divide and become better educated and move to a high class as an educated adult. In 1965 comprehensive schooling was recommended by the Labour Government in document called the Circular 10/65. He believed that for society to operate efficiently individuals must develop a sense of belonging to something wider than their immediate situation. The school leaving age was raised to 16 in 1973. Compulsory subjects were introduced which included maths, English, science and religious education. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. In the past people accepted their status in life and saw it as being God’s will. So therefore it could be said that they weren’t a true depiction of ethnic educational attainment throughout the whole of the country. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Education in Britain is free and is provided by the welfare state, it is also compulsory, parents who do not send their child to school are breaking the law. What part does it play in maintaining society? *You can also browse our support articles here >. (Bell, 2004; MOC; Murray, 2009). Statistics on school leavers and their examination results are a snapshot at one point in time. Different sociologists hold differing views on the role and purpose of education within society. They also claim that education legitimates social inequality by broadcasting the myth that it offers everyone an equal chance. Over the years theories of education have been in and out of fashion this was mostly due to which political party was in power at the time and the state of the economy as the two are very much linked. Pupils had to take an examination called the 11-Plus and the result of this indicated which type of school the child would be allocated to. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! However it is also a useful introduction to sociology of education for researchers and decision-makers working in . Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. All work is written to order. They wanted people to be convinced of the validity of their views and felt that the best way to achieve this would be to go about this in the most effective way by means of natural science and research methods. The report provided clear data on ethnicity and educational attainment, discovering that racism had a causal effect on the educational experiences of black children in the UK.”, The statistics shown in the Swann Report were drawn from local authorities with a high ethnic concentration. (Browne, K, 2005; Griffiths & Hope , 2000; Haralambus & Holburn, 2008), The education system was undemocratic, unequal and unfair. However due to mass immigration into this country in the last five years some children who come from different ethnic backgrounds are at a disadvantage due to cultural language barriers. The rich are more likely to get better grades and job opportunities. However, where choice is available, there is still a tendency for girls to choose some subjects and boy’s others. How has globalisation impacted Organised Crime? Boys are also seen as being more scientific than girls. The General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) was introduced to replace O-levels and the Certificate of Secondary Education (CSE). He believed that for society to operate efficiently individuals must develop a sense of belonging to something wider than their immediate situation. (Browne, K, 2005; Griffiths & Hope, 2000; Haralambus & Holburn, 2008), Emile Durkheim was one of the founding fathers of sociology and provided the basic framework for functionalist view of education. Unit 1 – Education with Methods in Context, Introduction to the Sociology of Education, Changing patterns in Marriage and Cohabitation, Changing patterns in childbearing and family size, Right Realist theory of crime control and prevention, Left Realist Theory of Crime control and prevention. Bowles and Gintis stated that ‘Education reproduces inequality by justifying privilege and attributing poverty to personal failure.’ (Browne, K, 2005; Griffiths & Hope , 2000; Haralambus & Holburn, 2008), Both Marxists and functionalists have been criticised for seeing people as being nothing more than creatures of the social system, thus Bowles and Gintis see teachers as the agents of capital the students as its victims and their situations being shaped by factors which are out of their control.
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