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kant groundwork of the metaphysics of morals shopkeeper

This idea contains two formulas, the first one states that one ought to “act only according to that maxim by which you can at the same time will that it should be a universal law” (Singer 274). Dieter Schönecker and Allen Wood make clear the ways this work forms the basis of our modern moral outlook and how moral law relates to freedom and free will within Kant's overall philosophy. Secondly, the first shopkeeper is not acting in compliance with Kant’s second formula of the end in itself. Get Your Custom Essay •Use observations to plan activities 2) Meaning of Kant’s Statement & Why: What Is the Difference Between Mill’s Qualitative Hedonism and Bentham’s Quantitative Hedonism? This is because it fails the concept of reversibility, for in an ideal society one would want others to treat him according to what the other person is doing. He complies with the second formulation by his honesty with customers out of respect for the moral law. Unlike the first, the second shopkeeper is honest because he knows it is morally right. •Identifies stages of development He complies with the second formulation by his honesty with customers out of respect for the moral law. •Use to report suspected abuse/neglect In this case, society would not function in the sense of moral rightness because if everyone acted honest to each other for solely their benefit, no one could trust anyone else or assume they are acting out of respect for the moral law. Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is often considered the seminal philosophy book of modern philosophy, and whether or not it is still relevant in the current world, it is universally recognized as significant in the history of philosophy.. custom paper from our expert writers, The Two Shopkeepers- Kantian Ethics and Consequentialism. This especially applies to cases where morally right thinking contradicts logical thinking, like in the example of sacrificing one for the sake of many. Retrieved from https://phdessay.com/the-two-shopkeepers-kantian-ethics-and-consequentialism/. Liza G Prof. Williams Ethics 21 November 2011 The Two Shopkeepers One of the several topics covered in Kant’s Groundwork for the Metaphysics of Morals is the issued of two shopkeepers. This is because a utilitarianist judges a situation based on how many people it will produce the best consequences for. Now, a. One shopkeeper is honest with his customers in order to maintain a positive reputation and improve profits. The keeper’s honesty is also reversible, because if others in a society acted out of respect for the moral law like he is, everyone would be acting right towards one another. In other words, if ones principle, or maxim, behind what they are doing is something they would be willing to make a universal law, it is a good action. Consequentialism is a normative ethical theory where actions are right or wrong based on the consequences that result from action. $20.99 (X) textbook. law; it must be done because it conforms to the law. The first shopkeeper’s motivation to be honest is inconsistent with this formula, as their maxim of being honest is purely selfish, and it would not be effective if willed to a universal law. This shopkeeper acts in accordance with the first formulation of universalizability. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. The second one is honest because he thinks it is right and exercises his respect for the moral … Which Is More Plausible as a Theory of Well-Being. And the second shopkeeper is also not acting in accordance with this process because, if anything, he is only benefitting himself with the feeling of acting morally right since he acts in respect for moral law. Uses of Observation within a work environment: An action that isn’t performed with that And this passes the universalizability test since an ideal society would inhabit people who act based on the sense of right and wrong, according to Kant. Remember. For example, a consequentalist may say murder of one person to save one hundred people is right simply because of its consequence. on, The Two Shopkeepers- Kantian Ethics and Consequentialism. This notion of respect for persons has to do with treating people as having intrinsic value in and of themselves. Part of Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy.

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