Some influential approaches within the sociology of law have challenged definitions of law in terms of official (state) law (see for example Eugen Ehrlich's concept of "living law" and Georges Gurvitch's "social law"). 4 CORPORATE CRIME, LAW, AND SOCIAL CONTROL show that respondents prefer more severe sanctions “when either the crime victim, or the criminal offender is a corporation, and not an individual. It is a necessary part of social order, for societies could not exist without controlling their populations. From a sociological perspective, deviance is relative. It is the mechanism to maintain the social order and thus ensure a safe and peaceful society in which individuals' rights are respected. Chapter Eight: Deviance and Social Control Chapter Summary Sociologists use the term deviance to refer to any violation of rules and norms. Man is forced to accept these forms of social control. (b) Informal social control: These agencies of Social Control have grown according to the needs of the society. Sociologists define social control as the way that the norms, rules, laws, and structures of society regulate human behavior. This type of social control is exercised by known and deliberate agencies of social control, such as law, punishment, army, Constitution etc. Law: Law is the rules and regulations which are generally found in constitution, acts, judicial opinions, legislations etc which is used to regulate and govern and control the behavior of the society. Social control theory can add to our understanding of that challenge by highlighting the role that the social discourse around risk plays in framing public health problems and the interventions used to meet those threats. Generally these forms are exercised by secondary groups. Definitions of “what is deviant” vary across societies and from one group to another within the same society.
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