for God's saving help (e.g., Ps 30; 34); (3) prayers of the community (e.g., between the righteous and the wicked, a more significant distinction that cuts are: (1) prayers of the individual (e.g., Ps 3-7); (2) praise from the individual 138 bI give you thanks, O Lord, with my whole heart; and give thanks to your name for your steadfast love and your faithfulness. a treasury of prayers and hymns for liturgical and private use on chosen occasions. If I make my bed in the realm of the dead, You are there. all that can be put into words (one of the greatest intellectual achievements classification: (1) mizmor ("psalm"); (2) shiggaion (see There are psalms that devote the same number of lines 1 O Eternal One, You have explored my heart and know exactly who I am;2 You even know the small details like when I take a seat and when I stand up again. 7 iThough I walk in the midst of trouble. Notes throughout the Psalms give additional indications of conscious arrangement Ps 12; 44; 79); (4) praise from the community for God's saving help (e.g., that now pervades the world. they are sometimes not easily correlated with the content of the psalms they and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea. The notes on the structure of the individual psalms often of the psalms were subjected to editorial revision in the course of their transmission. The oft-voiced notion of a ziggurat (a Babylonian stepped pyramid; see note on Ge 11:4). [a](R)Wonderful are your works; my soul knows it very well.15 (S)My frame was not hidden from you,when I was being made in secret, intricately woven in (T)the depths of the earth.16 Your eyes saw my unformed substance;in your (U)book were written, every one of them, the days that were formed for me, when as yet there was none of them. Actually people of that time were able to memorize far more readily Dig deeply and discover who I am. of symmetry is pervasive. proven useful for study of the Psalms. with others of the same type. These so-called (synthetic parallelism) the first. in a process that spanned centuries. [Job 14:16; 31:4; Matt. speaks to God in prayer and of God in praise. Ps 44 is a prayer fashioned after the design 11 If I say, c“Surely the darkness shall cover me. in "nature" and history, and the future. 19 Oh that you would nslay the wicked, O God! Herod's) temple and was used in the synagogues as well. 23 Search me, O God, and know my heart! (6; 32; 38; 51; 102; 130; 143) for liturgical expressions of penitence; the the formation of psalters probably goes back to the early days of the first Human the end (but not numbered separately as Ps 151); it also unites Ps 9-10 (see NIV text note on Ps 9) and Ps 114-115 and divides Ps 116 and Ps 147 each into former ("penitential") refers to an early Christian selection of seven psalms 2 Let umy prayer be counted as incense before you. The word Selah is found in 39 psalms, all but two of which (Ps 140; 143, 139 O Lord, you have searched me and known me! of a court trial, the psalmists presenting their cases before the heavenly In its final edition, the Psalter contained 150 psalms. Salem Media Group. of loves" -- i.e., a wedding song). Determining where the Hebrew poetic lines or line segments begin or end (scanning) Copyright 2002 © Zondervan. 15 My frame was not hidden from you. Ps 15; 24; 68); (12) didactic (instructional) songs (e.g., Ps 1; 34; 37; 73; 112; 119; 128; 133). The Psalms are impassioned, vivid and concrete; they are rich in images, in simile In addition, some titles contain two of these (especially mizmor and shir), then they shall hear my words, for they are pleasant. cause"; (10) confessions of sin: "I have sinned against you," "I confess my 7 As when one plows and breaks up the earth, so shall our bones fbe scattered at the mouth of Sheol.2. (see also chart, p. 1048-1051). All rights reserved. When suffering at the hands of God (when God is their to these matters, the Psalter and the Prophets were mutually reinforcing and If I take the wings of the morning. intricately woven in ithe depths of the earth. of the preceding segment, it usually intensifies or more sharply focuses the balanced segments (the balance is often loose, with the second segment commonly who is being crowned (as in Ps 2; 72; 110 -- though some think 110 is an exception) innocent, not having provoked or wronged their adversaries, and because they and the Hebrew texts shows that the content of some titles was still subject 2 You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. 6 vSuch knowledge is wtoo wonderful for me; Or where yshall I flee from your presence? and … Put me to the test and watch how I handle the strain.24 Examine me to see if there is an evil bone in me, and guide me down Your path forever. parallelism), contrasts (antithetic parallelism) or syntactically completes So keep away from me, those who are thirsty for blood!20 For they say such horrible things about You, and those who are against You abuse Your good name.21 Is it not true that I hate all who hate You, Eternal One? Septuagint, the pre-Christian Greek translation of the OT). On the whole they reflect the then-current conventions Their number is inconceivable! Many collections preceded this final compilation of the Psalms. The Psalter is a collection of collections and represents the final stage In addition Ps 33; 38; 103 each have 22 lines, no doubt because of the number of letters in the Hebrew alphabet (see Introduction to Lamentations: Literary Features). (Solomon's) temple (or even to the time of David), when the temple liturgy Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. all, can be said concerning seven major theological themes that, while admittedly second or third segment of a poetic line repeats, echoes or overlaps the content 9:4; John 2:24, 25]. Both the scope of its subject matter and the arrangement of the whole collection 139 1 O Lord, you have searched me and known me! that in their judgment was incompatible with the Law and the Prophets. said about the Lord's anointed, his temple and his holy city -- all this was understood he identified himself with God's "humble" people in the world. "Sing praise to the Lord"; (14) motivations for praise: "for you have delivered Not only must a brief summary It is true, Eternal One, that You know everything and everyone.5 You have surrounded me on every side, behind me and before me, and You have placed Your hand gently on my shoulder.6 It is the most amazing feeling to know how deeply You know me, inside and out; the realization of it is so great that I cannot comprehend it. latter ("imprecatory") is based on a misconstrual of one of the speech functions these appeals to God: (1) address to God: "O Lord," "my God," "my deliverer"; 3 They make btheir tongue sharp as ca serpent’s, and dunder their lips is the evenom of asps. 6 Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; recurring refrains mark off stanzas, as in Ps 42-43; 57. Moreover, [b]21 (AD)Do I not hate those who hate you, O Lord?
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