They develop a shared repertoire of resources: experiences, stories, tools, ways of addressing recurring problems—in short a shared practice. Today, communities of practices are increasingly being used to improve knowledge management and connect people within business, government, education, and other organizations. Learning and the creation of new knowledge can then take place within the context dependent forum of the community, and can be shared through social practice. This learning that takes place is not necessarily intentional. Source for information on Communities of Interest, Communities of Practice: Encyclopedia of Management dictionary. Communities of practice is a term originally developed by Lave and Wenger (1991). using temporary cross functional project teams that can leverage knowledge from different areas, apply it, learn, and the redistribute the new knowledge back into the individual members' communities. It has been found that it is easier to start a community among the people with same backgrounds but when there is a problem in common then it becomes a strong factor for building a shared practice among people who share little information. Create your account in less than a minutes. (2013). communities of practice are quite formal in organization, others are very fluid and informal. Community – A self-selected group of individuals who care enough about the topic to participate in regular interactions; Figure 1. Others will bring together people with different backgrounds like people from various functions who will have to deal with a big customer or a certain country. They must be independent of organizational structure. Summary: Etienne Wenger summarizes Communities of Practice (CoP) as "groups of people who share a concern or a passion for something they do and learn how to do it better as they interact regularly." They are as different as the situations which bring them into existence and the people who will populate them. This kind of shared practice allows the members to share the knowledge irrespective of the forms of communication. Practice sharing requires regular interaction and many of the communities function among the people who will work at the same place or live nearby. The practice: A community of practice is not merely a community of interest–people who like certain kinds of movies, for instance. One of the most important advents of communities of practice has been the creation and honing of organizational learning and knowledge management. Communities of practice is a term originally developed by Lave and Wenger (1991). A community of practice can be defined as "a group of professionals informally bound to one another through exposure to a common class of problems, common pursuit of solutions, and thereby themselves embodying a store of knowledge" (Stewart 2001 in Botha et al 2008). It is therefore this collective social practice that links individuals together across official organizational boundaries and departments, and makes up the community. This is closely linked to Levitt and March's concept of history dependent learningwhere the interpretations of events (rather than the actual events) are remembered and passed on. The community of practice (sometimes incorrectly referred to as "communities of practices") consists of members who interact with each other for their pursuit of a common practice. This learning that takes place is not necessarily intentional. Likewise t he dark side of commu nit y does . Knowledge management (KM) initiatives and systems must therefore be supportive, non-disruptive, and must not enforce canonical practice. Three components are required in order to be a CoP: (1) the domain, (2) the community, and (3) the practice. Essentially he moves form peripheral to full participation. Already have an account? Brown and Duguid warn against strict canonical focus as it inhibits the problem solving capabilities of the organization. They stress that it is unstructured dialogue, particularly through storytelling, that leads to innovation and problem solving. Copyrights ©2019-2020 ExpertsMind IT Educational Pvt Ltd. Communities of Practice 1 To appear in 2006. For examples of how these and other collaboration types vary in terms of their temporal or boundary focus and the basis of their members' relationships, see Kietzmann et al.
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