Concerned with justice, beauty, metaphysics, and equality, Plato influenced many important thinkers by founding the Academy, a philosophy school where Aristotle was a student for twenty years. He does not believe that doing wrong in retaliation to wrongdoing is what any good man does, so he takes the blow Athens deals and asks for more. The Phaedo is one of the most widely read dialogues written by the ancient Greek philosopher Plato. From the creators of SparkNotes, something better. Teachers and parents! Dust in the Wind. Plato’s father Ariston descended from Codrus, the last King of Athens, and his mother Perictione had ties to Solon, one of the creators of the Athenian Constitution. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer. There is conversation between these characters. This was not wrongdoing, because even if he spared his own life, he would no longer be around to educate Athens anyway. Phaedo digested (part 1) Echecrates: I heard you were there, Phaedo, when… Phaedo: Yes, so I was. Socrates does not view death as the end to his soul; his soul has been and shall be reincarnated once again. Phaedo is one of the dialogues that were created by Plato; the Phaedo tried to depict the death of Socrates. So that, on this account, I am not so much troubled, but I entertain a good hope that something awaits those who die, and that, as was said long since, it will be far better for good than the evil.” Socrates believes that the gods will welcome him with joy because he was truthful to himself and everyone. Upon being put on trial for corrupting of the youth of Athens and not believing in the gods of the state, Socrates is sentenced to death for his wrongdoings, he could organize his escape and be a free man, but he refused. Climax: Having successfully argued for the immortality of the soul, Socrates drinks poison hemlock as his friends and fellow philosophers weep at his side. Rudebusch, G. (2018). If so, why? -Graham S. “Would not have made it through AP Literature without the printable PDFs. In this text, a great philosopher Plato writes about Socrates’ death with the help of two characters. PLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH USA CUSTOM WRITINGS AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT, Your email address will not be published. Finally, Socrates saw himself a servant of the gods, placed on Earth to share his understanding of how life should be lived. Plato planned a political career until 404 BCE, when Athens shifted to an oligarchy controlled by wealthy men. Phaedo was present when Socrates was given poison. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Socratic Problem. And I can tell you, the way Socrates faced his own mortality in that prison cell was… memorable. Many dialogues were attributed to Phaedo, but only the Zopyrus and Simon have survived. According to the Apology it said: “there he ought to remain in the hour of danger; he should not think of death or of anything, but of disgrace. Rudebusch, G. (2018) explains that based on Phaedo “Now if it be true that the living come from the dead, then our souls must exist in the other world, for if not, how could they have been born again?” To simplify Phaedo indicates Socrates’s conception of courage which on his awareness of the lack of knowledge of death and conviction that nothing will happen for good in life or death. (including. The first edition of the novel was published in -380, and was written by Plato. Premium Membership is now 50% off! Get Perfect Grades Consistently by Using Our Service, Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers, Download paper from your email or personal account. + 1 (817) 953 0426, Order your paper today and save 30% with the discount code SWEET. He went to the end with his head held high. You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp! Socrates explored the various theories of immortality of the soul and tried to show that there is life after death in which the soul will live after death. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our. So, if he agrees to die, he is not harming himself. He follows his own set of laws, and he figured his death would start the state down a road of righteous. It was the last dialogue that he wrote in the middle period of Socrates final days. Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Instant downloads of all 1377 LitChart PDFs Black Friday Sale! This evidence clearly shows how Socrates was humiliated or offended, the youth were there when that horrible situation happened, and Socrates, grandiose as his name remained himself. I use Phaedo as one of my sources. It claims to recount the events and conversations that occurred on the day that Plato’s teacher, Socrates (469-399 B.C.E. Bought and freed by an Athenian who was a friend of Socrates, Phaedo became Socrates’ disciple. According to Phaedo, it states: “if I did not think that I should go, first of all, among other deities who are both wise and good, and, next, among men who have departed this life, better than any here, I should be wrong in not grieving at death; but now, be assured, I hope to go among good men, though I would not positively assert it. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Detailed explanations, analysis, and citation info for every important quote on LitCharts. Born of an aristocratic family, Phaedo was made a prisoner in the war with Sparta (400–399 bc) and was sold as a slave. Once again, Socrates makes the best choice by choosing to die. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. Echecrates: Tell us, Phaedo! And this, O men of Athens, is a true saying.”. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments. It was the last dialogue that he wrote in the middle period of Socrates final days. That, however, I shall go among gods who are perfectly good masters, be assured I can positively assert this if I can do anything of the kind. All Rights Reserved. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. If not, why not? Bought and freed by an Athenian who was a Phaedo: It pains me to think about it. All papers are properly referenced. Born of an aristocratic family, Phaedo was made a prisoner in the war with Sparta (400–399 bc) and was sold as a slave. Socrates was a prolific thinker and well-known philosopher in Ancient Greece, but none of his writing—if indeed he ever wrote anything at all—has survived. use MLA format throughout all the text. Via +1 817 953 0426. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Responding to this gross display of injustice, Plato abandoned politics for philosophy. Teach your students to analyze literature like LitCharts does. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Phaedo and what it means. Clitophon’s Challenge: Dialectic in Plato’s “Meno,” “Phaedo,” and “Republic.”. To conclude, Socrates does not view death as the end to his soul; his soul has been and shall be reincarnated once again. Socrates believes his martyrdom is the best he can do to teach at this point in his life.
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